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Summer comes, and the weather turns hot. We immediately associate it with sunscreen, glasses, shorts, an umbrella ... Summer is extremely charming because it is enjoyed with the family, especially outdoors, but since not everything is pink, there is also something that we know is a bit difficult avoid: the most common illnesses in babies and children during the summer, and all for the change of the weather.
For you to take forecasts, we are going to talk a little about which are the most frequent in this season of the year, so that you are alert and know how to face them. Join me in this post and you will discover what they are and what to do if your child presents them!
- Stomach flu
They are generally viral, but they can also be bacterial. It is logical that with high temperatures, the first thing our children ask is to bathe in the pools, and it may happen that they ingest water from it that is not completely clean.
And not only is this the main cause of gastroenteritis in summer, but it must also be taken into account that the diet varies and the schedules are less rigid. To avoid them and, also to cope with them, it is important that the child stay well hydrated, use oral serum, not drink sugary drinks, because they increase diarrhea and are usually self-limited (resolved spontaneously) and in case vomiting and vomiting persists bad body for more than 48 hours, see a doctor to examine the child.
- Hand-foot-mouth disease
It is produced by coxsackie virus and occurs mainly in children under 5 years of age. It is characterized by the appearance of fever, loss of appetite, sore throat, general malaise and the characteristic is red and painful lesions that appear in the mouth, hands and feet.
It is a contagious disease, which is usually made worse by sweating that occurs in summer. There is no specific treatment, only general measures such as the consumption of anti-inflammatories (paracetamol and / or ibuprofen), frequent hand washing and the fact of trying to avoid sharing glasses, cutlery ...
They are associated with immersion baths in swimming pools or beaches. You will notice because the child will manifest it by frequently putting his hand to his ears, he can also very commonly have earache, fever and discharge or bad smell in this part of the body. Generally requires compliance with antibiotics, which have to be prescribed by the pediatrician.
- Mosquito bites
With the heat, the wave of mosquitoes increases and is very common, especially at night. Its presence is easily detected: itchy reddened skin in various areas of the body. It is important to use mosquito repellants and put mosquito nets in the rooms; If the itching is very intense, you can use allergy medications and take care that these bites do not become infected, since if so, you may need antibiotics.
More frequent than you think! It is important that you always apply sunscreen to your child and reapply the cream every 2 hours at least while they are exposed to the sun. The use of hats, an umbrella or glasses is essential, as well as constantly hydrating it and avoiding exposure to the sun at the times when it is most intense (between 12.00 and 16.00 hours a day). You must take into account that dermatologists recommend not exposing children under 6 months to the sun and do not forget that the use of sunscreen is from that age and not before.
- Skin lesions
Caused mainly by immersion baths, including mycosis (fungi) predominantly feet and molluscum contagiosum. In the case of the first, to avoid this, after swimming in the pool you should shower your child and dry his feet well. Antifungal therapy should be started. In the case of the mollusk, it generally resolves spontaneously, in some cases they are cauterized or medication is indicated if they are multiple.
The most common is allergic, due to pollen or swimming in swimming pools. In some cases it can be of viral or bacterial origin and is characterized by eye redness, itching, burning, and yellow or greenish eye discharge may be present. It usually requires treatment.
Generally bacterial, it is manifested by a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, halitosis (bad smell in the mouth), fever, and sometimes an irritating cough. Bacterial pharyngotonsillitis is always treated with antibiotics.
Remember, with the summer, measures must be taken in order to avoid these diseases that are very frequent in our children, be attentive and enjoy the sun!
You can read more articles similar to The most common diseases in babies and children during the summer, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.