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What are mouth ulcers or canker sores? What are those annoying, painful and small wounds in the mouth that make the child barely eat? Ulcers or sores appear during childhood for many causes, although the most frequent is viral infection. The good news is that they disappear in no time and do not leave any sequels. We explain what exactly sores and ulcers in the child's mouth are, why they appear and how to eliminate them.
exist various causes for which ulcers and sores appear in the child's mouth:
- For infectious causes. Infection can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus, although of the three, the most common cause of mouth sores are viruses. And of all the viruses, the one that usually causes mouth ulcers in children is herpes simplex.
This type of ulcers they are known as herpanginas. Babies with mouth ulcers are irritable and may have a slight fever. Although the most obvious symptom is the appearance of small sores on the mouth, cheeks and lips. Being a virus, it is contagious.
- Another of the causes that cause the appearance of an ulcer in the child's mouth it is a trauma. It may be because it has been bitten or damaged while brushing its teeth. In this case, no other symptoms appear. Only the pain caused by the mouth wound.
- As a secondary symptom of other diseases. There are immunological diseases that cause the appearance of sores and ulcers in the child's mouth. In addition, they go through different phases: some phases of remission and others of greater incidence.
In this case, the most important thing is to detect the disease that is causing the ulcers and provide adequate treatment.
- Stress, nervousness or anxiety also influence the appearance of canker sores.
- Sometimes the sores can appear due to food allergies.
- They can appear associated with diseases such as leukemia.
Depending on the type of ulcer the child has, the treatment will vary in one way or another. If the ulcer has been caused by trauma (the child has been accidentally bitten or injured while brushing teeth), it will not need any treatment. The ulcer in this case heals on its own in one or two weeks. But yes you can apply an analgesic to try to calm the pain caused by the sore. There are topical pain relievers and mouthwashes designed to lessen the pain typical of mouth ulcers. Natural antiseptics can also be applied so that secondary infections do not occur.
If the ulcers are infectious or as a symptom of another immune disease, the pediatrician will determine the treatment to follow.
As long as your child has mouth ulcers, irritating foods such as citrus or acidic foods and hot drinks should be avoided. However, cold dairy products, such as ice cream, will do very well, since the cold will calm the pain.
The sores are also more frequent in women, between 10 and 19 years old and are linked to hormonal changes, stress or low defenses.
The president of the Spanish Association of Gastroenterology advises that it is important to prevent diseases in the mouth of children and adults. To do this, he advises us:
- Always keep your teeth and tongue clean. Always brush your teeth after eating some food.
- Have a varied diet, rich in vegetables and fruits. If you have a tendency to have mouth sores, avoid acidic foods.
- Consume foods rich in vitamin C and omega-3.
- Avoid very hot foods
You can read more articles similar to Ulcers and sores in the child's mouth, in the category of Children's Diseases on site.